Authentication

Learn how to authenticate your users with QuickBlox.

Every user needs to authenticate with QuickBlox before using any QuickBlox functionality. When someone connects with an application using QuickBlox, the application needs to obtain a session token which provides temporary secure access to QuickBlox APIs. A session token is an opaque string that identifies a user and an application.

Visit our Key Concepts page to get an overall understanding of the most important QuickBlox concepts.

Before you begin

  1. Register a QuickBlox account. This is a matter of a few minutes and you will be able to use this account to build your apps.
  2. Configure QuickBlox SDK for your app. Check out our Setup page for more details.

Session token rights

There are different types of session tokens to support different use cases.

Application session tokenDescription
Application session tokenThis kind of access token is needed to read the app data. Has only READ access to resources. The expiration time after the last REST API request is 2 hours.
User session tokenThe user token is the most commonly used type of token. This kind of access token is needed any time the app calls an API to read, modify or write a specific user's data on their behalf. Has READ/WRITE access to resources. The expiration time after the last REST API request is 2 hours.

Get session

You can check whether you have a session or not.

QB.auth
  .getSession()
  .then(function (session) {
    // handle session
  })
  .catch(function (e) {
    // something went wrong
  });

Log in user

QuickBlox provides four types of user authentication: login/email and password, social, phone number, and custom identity provider login.

Login/email and password

Standard login lets you log in a user just by login (or email) and password. Other fields are optional. Thus, the QuickBlox server requests a users database for a match. If there is a match, a user session is created.

const loginParams = {
  login: 'yourlogin',
  password: 'yourpassword'
};

// or through email
// const loginParams = {email: '[email protected]', password: 'garry5santos'};

QB.auth
  .login(loginParams)
  .then(function (info) {
    // signed in successfully, handle info as necessary
    // info.user - user information
    // info.session - current session
  })
  .catch(function (e) {
    // handle error
  });

Social

Authenticate with QuickBlox using a facebook access token.

const facebookToken = 'EAAJ1nlH9EaQphl8WmFIJBhFn8XLMBu8UWAyxx1Uz0JLwZDZD';

QB.auth
  .loginWithFacebook(facebookToken)
  .then(function (info) {
    // signed in successfully, handle info as necessary
    // info.user - user information
    // info.session - current session
  })
  .catch(function (e) {
    // handle error
  });

Phone number

A sign-in with a phone number is supported with Firebase integration. In order to implement authentication via phone number functionality, follow this Firebase document.

Don't forget to enable phone number sign-in for your Firebase project. To learn how to do this, see this Firebase document.

To send a verification code to the user's phone and sign in the user on Firebase with the received verification code, use the snippet below.

import React, { useState } from 'react';
import { Button, TextInput } from 'react-native';
import auth from '@react-native-firebase/auth';

function PhoneSignIn() {
  // If null, no SMS has been sent
  const [confirm, setConfirm] = useState(null);

  const [code, setCode] = useState('');

  // Handle the button press
  async function signInWithPhoneNumber(phoneNumber) {
    const confirmation = await auth().signInWithPhoneNumber(phoneNumber);
    setConfirm(confirmation);
  }

  async function confirmCode() {
    try {
      await confirm.confirm(code);
    } catch (error) {
      console.log('Invalid code.');
    }
  }

  if (!confirm) {
    return (
      <Button
        title="Phone Number Sign In"
        onPress={() => signInWithPhoneNumber('+1 650-555-3434')}
      />
    );
  }

  return (
    <>
      <TextInput value={code} onChangeText={text => setCode(text)} />
      <Button title="Confirm Code" onPress={() => confirmCode()} />
    </>
  );
}

To log in the user to QuickBlox, use the loginWithFirebase(). The ID token of the Firebase user is received as a result of the getIdToken() method.

// Handle confirm code button press
  async function confirmCode() {
    try {
      const credential = auth.PhoneAuthProvider.credential(confirm.verificationId, code);
      let userData = await auth().currentUser.linkWithCredential(credential);
      setUser(userData.user);
      
      const idTokenResult = await firebase.auth().currentUser.getIdTokenResult();
      QB.auth
              .loginWithFirebase("Your projectId", idTokenResult.token)
        .then(function (info) {
          // signed in successfully, handle info as necessary
          // info.user - user information
          // info.session - current session
        })
        .catch(function (e) {
          // handle error
        });
    } catch (error) {
      if (error.code == 'auth/invalid-verification-code') {
        console.log('Invalid code.');
      } else {
        console.log('Account linking error');
      }
    }
  }

Pass the following arguments to the loginWithFirebase() method.

FieldsDescription
firebaseProjectIdFirebase project ID. When you create a Firebase project, Firebase automatically assigns a unique ID to the project, but you can edit it during the project setup.
tokenID token of the Firebase user. Created by Firebase when a user signs in to an app. This token is received as a result of getIdToken() method.

Custom identity provider

You can authenticate your application users from the external database with QuickBlox via Custom Identity Provider (CIdP). Just specify the user ID and access token as a password to authenticate with QuickBlox. Review Custom Identity Provider page for more details on the feature.

const loginParams = {
  login: '4324',
  password: '8b75a6c7191285499d890a81df4ee7fe49bc732a'
};

QB.auth
  .login(loginParams)
  .then(function (info) {
    // signed in successfully, handle info as necessary
    // info.user - user information
    // info.session - current session
  })
  .catch(function (e) {
    // handle error
  });

🚧

This feature is available for customers on the Enterprise plan only. Take advantage of Enterprise features to unlock new value and opportunities for users. For more information and if you want to request a Demo, please contact us by mail: [email protected].

Log out user

If you have a user session, you can downgrade it to an application session by calling logout() method.

QB.auth
  .logout()
  .then(function () {
    // signed out successfully
  })
  .catch(function (e) {
    // handle error
  });

Set existing session

Typically, a session token is stored in SDK after successful login and used for every subsequent API call. However, you may want to obtain and store the session on your server for better security. In this case, you can set application or user token into SDK using the startSessionWithToken() method, also before calling the method to get notified that the session has expired you need to add SESSION_EXPIRED listener to NativeEventEmitter. Don't forget to log in user if you pass the application token.

import QB from 'quickblox-react-native-sdk';
import { NativeEventEmitter } from 'react-native';

const emitter = new NativeEventEmitter(QB.auth);

function sessionExpiredHandler(event) {
  // handle session expired event
}

emitter.addListener(QB.auth.EVENT_TYPE.SESSION_EXPIRED, sessionExpiredHandler);

const sessionToken = "8b75a6c7191285499d890a81df4ee7fe49bc732a"

QB.auth
  .startSessionWithToken(sessionToken)
  .then(function (session) {
    // handle session
  })
  .catch(function (e) {
    // handle error
  });

🚧

If you have version lower than 8.0.0, you can set the existing session token into SDK using the setSession() method.

const session = {
  applicationId: 76730,
  token: "8b75a6c7191285499d890a81df4ee7fe49bc732a",
  userId: 96752798,
};

QB.auth
  .setSession(session)
  .then((result) => {})
  .catch((error) => {});

The setSession() method accepts one argument of the object type that has the following fields:

FieldRequiredDescription
applicationIdyesApplication ID.
tokenyesQuickBlox session token.
userIdyesUser ID.

🚧

You must call the init() method before calling the setSession() method. If you attempt to call the method without initializing SDK previously, the error will be returned.


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